IEEE Citation Style

IEEE Citation Style – A Complete Guide For Researchers

IEEE stands for Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineering (IEEE). It is a professional organisation which supports various branches of engineering, computer science and information technology. IEEE also publishes journal articles, magazines and conference papers and sets the standard publication benchmarks. The in-text citations in the IEEE Citation Style include numbers in square brackets and correspond to the complete citations listed in the reference list at the article’s conclusion. The references are arranged numerically instead of alphabetically. This article will guide you about IEEE Citation Style and how to insert the proper citations in your research papers.

What Is IEEE Citation Style?

IEEE Citation Style encompasses incorporating the number after every quote or paraphrase taken from another source. A complete citation of the corresponding number is provided at the end of the text in the references list. Citations and the sources they refer to are given in the sequence that they occur in your text. Authors provide the IEEE in-text citations in square numbers, which correspond to the relevant sources in the list of references at the end of the article. The citation number starts with [1] and proceeds in an ascending order throughout the rest of the paper. You can use the previously assigned number for providing the citations of the sources that keep repeating throughout the text. It is essential to provide each in-text citation in square brackets enclosed within the sentence punctuation and ample space before the bracket. For example:

  • The theories of Newton and Einstein are widely used in physics [14].

How To Provide In-Text Citations In IEEE Citation Style?

The in-text citation does not have to include the author’s last name, the pages that were used, or the publication date. Alternatively, use a number within a square bracket to denote the source, such as [1], which matches the complete citation in your reference list. Here are some basic things shared by expert researchers of The Academic Papers UK that you need to remember while using the IEEE Citation Style:

  • Citations in brackets should be inserted within the text, preceding any punctuation, with a space between each bracket.
  • As you cite each source in the document, give it a number. Use the source’s number whenever you mention it again in the article after citing it once and assigning it a number.
  • The usual way to cite many sources simultaneously is to list each number individually, in its respective brackets, and separate them with a comma or a dash, as in [1], [4], [6], or [7] – [12]. 

Also, you can use signal words while providing citations in IEEE Citation Style. Here are a few things to remember:

  • As demonstrated by Francis [5] [7] …
  • For further details, see [5], [8], [11] …
  • As mentioned above [4], [7] – [9], [10] …
  • Francis et al. [6] have noted…
  • As seen in [3] …
  • According to [6] and [7] – [9] …
  • In contrast to [6, p.8], it is clear that…
  • As exhibited in [5] …

Author’s names

  • John [6] has demonstrated…
  • Burke [9], and Locke and Hume [8] have asserted…
  • Kant et al. [5] argued… is used to provide in-text citations of more than three authors. It literally means “and others”. In-text citation only includes the mention of the first author, followed by But in the reference list, you must mention the name of all authors up to a maximum limit of 6 six authors of one source. You can use et al. only if the names are not given; however, it is imperative to use et al. in the references list for more than six authors. For example:

  • Arthur Mackenzie et al. Introduction to Philosophy, New York: Penguin, 2012.

Also, it is important to remember that there is no need to provide the author’s name or date of publication within the in-text citation using IEEE Citation Style unless providing the author’s name is integral to comprehending the sentence. The in-text citations must correspond to the references list in ascending order. If you cannot provide citations in IEEE Citation Style in your research paper, you can always take assistance from experts at the best dissertation proposal writing services.

How To Provide Citations For Quotations Using The IEEE Citation Style?

Direct quotations help strengthen a claim by providing the precise phrases and terms used by the author in the original work. However, they must be properly cited, and it is important to remember that you must not overuse them because it leads to plagiarism. The number of quotations in your text should be balanced, and you should include them only when necessary. IEEE Citation Style necessitates providing citations for quotations using quotation marks and inserting the citation in square brackets after the quotation followed by the page number.

Short Quotes

  • Frank et al. have identified that “Human life originated 3.6 billion years ago” [8, p. 15].
  • Smith et al. [5, p. 22] explain that “the maximisation of wealth in a particular society happens due to the presence of an invisible hand”. 

If you need to omit any pointless words from the quotation, use an ellipsis, which is a series of dots (…) that denotes a break in the quotation. For instance:

  • As asserted by [7, p. 56], “the old theories for explaining the evolution of man….and discarded by the newly developed theories”.

Long Quotes

If you incorporate longer quotations consisting of more than three lines or more, you can encircle them in quotation marks and use block quotations by separating the quoted lines from the rest of the text, also called block quotations. You must use a smaller font size for block quotations. For example:

As William notes:

It is incumbent upon us to explore the various possibilities of understanding the human mind. The human mind is an intricate phenomenon which has not been completely understood by the modern sciences. Many questions need to be answered, and modern man has no sufficient answers for them. Therefore, it is imperative to explore and discover alternative possibilities that might help us comprehend the complex underpinnings of the human mind [9, p.65]. 


IEEE Citation Style necessitates that the in-text citations must correspond to the respective numbers mentioned in the text. You only need to provide the citation number along with the page number for direct quotations in the text. You must ensure that the numbered citations are in ascending order; otherwise, you will have to redo the entire process, which is counterproductive.

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