Franchise Dispute Resolution Mechanisms

Conflicts between franchisors and franchisees can arise at any time. These disputes can result from a variety of reasons, such as breach of contract, trademark infringement, or misrepresentation. 

To protect your interests, you should contact a franchise litigation lawyer for legal counsel, even when there are no disputes. A skilled and experienced lawyer has the legal knowledge and experience to protect their client’s interests and achieve a favorable outcome. They work in every field, like Corporate law, Criminal defense, Family law, Immigration law, Labor and employment law etc.

Causes Of Franchise Disputes 

While franchising can be an effective way to expand a business, disputes can arise between the franchisor and franchisee, leading to costly litigation and damage to the franchise brand. Here are five common causes of franchise disputes:


If the franchisor misrepresents any of this information, the franchisee may be misled into investing in a business that is not as profitable or successful as promised. Misrepresentations can include false claims about the franchisor’s earnings potential, misleading information about the level of support provided, or inaccurate information about the market for the franchise.

Breach of Contract

Franchise agreements are legal contracts that define the rights and responsibilities of both parties. If either the franchisor or franchisee fails to fulfill their obligations under the contract, a dispute may arise. 

Territory Disputes

Franchise agreements typically include a geographic territory in which the franchisee has the exclusive right to operate. However, disputes can arise if the franchisor sells another franchise within the same territory or allows a company-owned store to compete with the franchisee. 

Quality Control

Franchisors often have detailed standards and procedures for the franchisee to follow to maintain the quality of the products or services offered under the franchise brand. If the franchisee fails to comply with these standards, the franchisor may take legal action to protect the brand’s reputation. However, disputes can arise if the franchisor’s standards are unclear or if the franchisee believes that the standards are unreasonable or arbitrary.

Franchisee Independence

Franchise agreements typically require the franchisee to follow the franchisor’s system and business model. However, franchisees may seek to deviate from the system to adapt to local market conditions or pursue their ideas. Disputes can arise if the franchisor believes that the franchisee’s actions are detrimental to the brand or if the franchisee believes that the franchisor is restricting their independence and creativity.

Resolving Franchise Disputes 

Franchise disputes can arise in any franchise system, regardless of its size or industry. These disputes can result from numerous issues, including:

  • Disagreements over royalties, advertising fees;
  • Territory rights, and 
  • Other contractual obligations. 

Here are the common franchise dispute resolution strategies:


The first step in resolving franchise disputes is usually negotiated between the parties involved. This process involves a dialogue between the franchisor and franchisee to reach a mutually satisfactory agreement. 

Negotiation is often the most cost effective and quickest way to resolve franchise disputes. A positive negotiation can help maintain a thriving relationship between the parties.


If negotiation fails, the next step is often mediation. Mediation is a voluntary process that involves a neutral third party who helps facilitate communication between the franchisor and franchisee. 

The mediator does not make any decisions but helps the parties reach a mutually agreeable solution. Mediation is less expensive and less formal than other dispute resolution mechanisms, and it can help preserve the relationship between the parties.


If mediation fails, the next step is often arbitration. Arbitration is a more formal process than mediation, and it involves a neutral third party who makes a binding decision on the dispute. 

The decision of the arbitrator is final and cannot be appealed. Arbitration is often faster and less expensive than litigation, and it can be less formal than going to court.


Litigation is the most formal and expensive mechanism for resolving franchise disputes. The litigation process involves taking the dispute to court and having a judge or jury makes a final decision. 

Litigation is used when negotiation, mediation, and arbitration have failed. The process can be time-consuming, and expensive, and can damage the relationship between the franchisor and franchisee.

Franchise Advisory Councils

Some franchise systems have Franchise Advisory Councils (FACs), which are groups of franchisees who represent the interests of the franchisees to the franchisor. FACs can help resolve disputes by providing a forum for franchisees to voice their concerns and negotiate with the franchisor. 

Franchise disputes can be resolved through negotiation, mediation, arbitration, litigation, and franchise advisory councils. Franchisors and franchisees should work together to select the most appropriate mechanism and work towards a mutually satisfactory resolution.

Franchise disputes can arise for a variety of reasons, including misrepresentation, breach of contract, territory disputes, quality control issues, and conflicts over franchisee independence. Franchisors and franchisees should work together to establish clear expectations and communication channels to minimize the risk of disputes and preserve the value of the franchise brand.

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